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13 april, 2021
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Unclos Has Two Implementation Agreements

While the Secretary-General of the United Nations receives instruments for ratification and accession and the United Nations attends meetings of States Parties to the Convention, the United Nations does not play a direct operational role in the implementation of the Convention. However, organizations such as the International Maritime Organization, the International Whaling Commission and the International Seabed Authority (ISA) play a role. (THE ISA was created by the UN Convention. In 1960, the United Nations held the second United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea (CNUNS II); However, the Geneva conference, which has been held for six weeks, has not created any new agreements. [12] In general, developing and third world countries participated only as customers, allies or dependent on the United States or the Soviet Union, without having a meaningful voice. [14] In order to deal with certain difficulties related to the provisions of the exploitation of the seabed contained in Part XI of the agreement, referred in particular to the industrialized countries, the Secretary-General convened a series of informal consultations in July 1990, culminating in the approval of the Agreement on the Application of Part XI of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982. The agreement entered into force on July 28, 1996. At the beginning of the 20th century, some nations expressed their desire to extend national requirements: the integration of mineral resources, the protection of fish stocks and the provision of pollution control. (The League of Nations convened a conference in The Hague in 1930, but no agreement was reached. [6] By applying the principle of a nation`s international law to the protection of its natural resources, President Harry S. Truman extended control of the United States in 1945 to all natural resources on his continental shelf.

Other nations quickly followed suit. Between 1946 and 1950, Chile, Peru and Ecuador extended their rights to a distance of 200 nautical miles (370 km) to cover their Humboldt-Strom fisheries. Other nations extended their coastal seas to 22 km. [7] Following the informal consultations, the delegation of the Russian Federation issued a statement in which it maintained its position, as a number of proposals it had submitted were not included in the draft agreement. In its reply, it was stated that all the proposals of delegations or political groups had been thoroughly considered, but that it had not been possible to accept each of them. The draft agreement was revised in light of the debates on the various issues. This was a unique feature of this round of consultations, which reflected the urgency of the situation. The revisions focused on the provisional application of the agreement; Provisional membership of the Authority; The treatment of registered pioneer investors; Production policy.

The second round of informal consultations with the Secretary-General in 1994 took place from 4 to 8 April. The session was accompanied by a further update of the “boat” document, entitled “Project resolution and agreement on the application of Part XI of the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea” of 14 February 1994.

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