She also claimed that 36 civilians living in border villages died in the shootings and that thousands more were forced to flee their homes to escape the deadly shelling. Pakistan, in turn, has accused India of violating the ceasefire countless times and killing at least 28 of its civilians. Indian and Pakistani troops have also been fighting intermittently in the Siachen Glacier in northern Kashmir since 1984. A ceasefire came into effect in 2003. Artillery battles were a regular feature of the LoC until 2003, when the two sides agreed on a ceasefire, as the devastation that followed proved disastrous for both countries and the risk of an escalation of the conflict loomed. On Tuesday, India`s Foreign Ministry announced that the ceasefire had been reached at a weekly meeting between senior Pakistani and Indian military officials. A ministry statement said the agreement applies to the 450-mile Line of Control, as well as the international border between India and Pakistan and the Siachen Glacier. According to the archives of the Indian Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA). In the first five months of this year, more than 1,250 ceasefire violations were recorded, up from 971 in 2017, 449 in 2016 and 405 in 2015. During the first ten years of the agreement, there was relative peace and tranquility along the LoC. Senior Indian leaders, including Kashmiri Prime Minister Mahbooba Mufti, welcomed the “repetition of the ceasefire” as it brought relief to border residents.
“Peace on our borders is the essential first step towards better understanding [between India and Pakistan] and I really hope it will continue,” Mufti tweeted. “This year, they have resorted to more than 2,050 unintended ceasefire violations, in which 21 Indians have died. We have repeatedly called on Pakistan to call on its armed forces to adhere to the 2003 ceasefire agreement and maintain peace and tranquility along the LoC and the international border,” a source said. In addition, A.G. Noorani believes that a permanent and guaranteed formal ceasefire must be the first step in the peace pyramid, with confidence-building measures (confidence-building measures) being the second and Kashmir/terrorism the last step towards peace between the two. Formalizing the 2003 ceasefire would essentially mean that India and Pakistan would conclude a new written ceasefire agreement on the LOC, labour border and AGPL with clear rules and regulations on what constitutes a ceasefire violation and how it will be dealt with when it occurs. According to international ceasefire standards, the most effective instruments for maintaining peace are the vast demilitarized zones along the borders, the presence of neutral observers and joint dispute settlement commissions. With regard to the Joint Dispute Settlement Commissions in the event of violations of the armistice, the mechanism for the withdrawal of troops continued during the war at the end of 1965 can be adopted with some necessary modifications.
Within the framework of the Troop Withdrawal Agreement of the 22nd. In January 1966, India and Pakistan agreed that “in all cases where bombing takes place across the border, a joint team of border personnel from both sides will investigate on the ground within 24 hours of the appearance. The brigade commanders/IMTs responsible for this investigation will be named by sector by name and appointment. In addition to ceasefire violations along the international border (IB), the total number of ceasefire violations in Jammu and Kashmir was 881. Pakistan also retaliated known to India, claiming in December that India had violated the ceasefire agreement more than 1,300 times in 2017. Has the 2003 ceasefire agreement with ceasefire violations along the heavily militarized LoC become the norm and not the exception? The statement even came after Pakistan summoned Indian chargé d`affaires Gaurav Ahluwalia and conveyed Islamabad`s condemnation of alleged ceasefire violations by Indian forces on September 14 in the Nikial and Jandrot sectors of the LoC. .